The 2017 edition of the OECD report “Education at a Glance” was published. France, above the average in terms of the number of pupils per class and per teacher, is also in number of class hours.
The opportunity, therefore, to learn more about the number of staff per class , the supervisory rate and the number of course hours – in the 35 member countries of the OECD and its partner countries ( Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Latvia, Russia, South Africa).The 2017 edition of “Views on Education” was published on Tuesday, September 12th. The main compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education on an international scale, this report deals in particular with the learning environment and school organization.
Workforce by class: France above average
The class size is currently at the heart of debates on education , especially in France: Jean-Michel Blanquer account and implement one of the Emmanuel Macron campaign promises, namely the duplication of classes CP-EC1 in REP / REP + . For the 2017 school year , it has already begun to limit the number of pupils per class in 85 per cent of the primary school pupil classes to 12.
As the OECD notes in its report, “it is common to consider that smaller numbers are beneficial because they allow teachers to focus more on the needs of each student and spend less time managing disturbances during the course “. For example, a recent Institute of Public Policy study suggests that reducing the number of students per class “improves academic achievement,” and that “doubling a class of 24 students significantly improves studentperformance” .
But the OECD qualifies this postulate. “Even if it appears that the actual smaller in class could be beneficial for specific groups of students, including disadvantaged students,” the letter said, the effects of the change in class size on student performance are not supported by evidence “, referring to several studies, including that of Thomas Piketty and Mathieu Valdenaire on the impact of class size on academic achievement , and that of Peter Fredriksson of the University of Stockholm, which examines the fate of young Swedes aged 10 to 13 who entered school between 1967 and 1982.
According to the statistics revealed in the report, OECD countriesaveraged 21 pupils per class in primary education in 2015 – an average of 23 pupils in the first cycle of secondary education, corresponding in France to college.
The OECD charts show that in 2015, France was above average, with about 23 pupils per primary class and 25 pupils in the secondary school . Most other European countries, on the other hand, are on average: Germany and Spain, for example, have between 21 and 22 pupils per class in primary education and between 24 and 26 pupils per class in lower secondary education .
The countries in which the classes are least dense are Luxembourg and Lithuania, where pupils are 16 per grade at primary level and between 15 and 19 at college . In contrast, Japan and China have respectively 27 and 37 pupils per class at school, and classes of 28 and 49 pupils in lower secondary education.
12 pupils per teacher in Italy, both primary and secondary
An important indicator also is the rate of supervision: in OECD countries ,
by 2015, there were on average 15 pupils per teacher in primary education and 13 pupils in secondary education. In this respect, France is still above average, with 19 pupils per teacher in primary school and 13 in secondary school and high school. Elsewhere in Europe, Germany is within the OECD average (15-13), and Spain just below (14-11). In Luxembourg,Italy and Sweden, pupils are respectively 11, 12 and 13 per teacher, regarded as primary or secondary. 8104 hours of compulsory courses per year, in France, in primary and secondary schools